There are people who choose to have surgery for sleep apnea, but still, there are not many evidences available to show that surgical treatments work to reduce the complications it has as well as controlling the symptoms of this health condition. In fact, surgery is not recommended, but instead, the last resort if all the other types of options are exhausted and if sleep apnea is affecting one’s quality of life. Here is a list of surgical methods and their side effects.
- Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP)
- The soft tissue on the back of the throat is removed; this includes all of the uvulas part, the soft palate parts as well as the throat tissue that is behind it. The adenoids and tonsils are also removed if present. This is done to increase the airway’s width of the throat’s opening, some of the muscles actions are also blocked so that the ability of the airway to always open will be improved; and the movement and the soft palate’s closure will also be improved.
- It is known to be themost painful treatment and complications include infection, impaired function of the muscles of the throat and in the soft palate, voice frequency changes, mucus in the throat, problems in swallowing, sense of impaired smell, fluids are regurgitated through the mouth or nose, failure as well as recurrence of sleep apnea.
- Laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP)
- This is performed to one’s snoring. It only removes less of the tissue at the back throat the UPPP and can just be done in the office of a doctor.
- Side effects of this method include dryness of the throat, narrowing and scarring of the throat, and snoring even gets worse afterwards to some patients.
- Surgeon inserts a tube in the neck through a wind pipe making a quarter-size opening. This is only performed rarely today not unless sleep apnea is already life-threatening.
- It has a number of psychological and medical problems with regards to its side effects after the surgery.
- Removing of tonsils and adenoids in children.
- Side effects and complications include respiratory sickness, and it is also associated with heart complications, severe sleep apnea, obesity, failure to thrive, lung infections, prematurity, neuromuscular disease and certain facial structures.
These are the surgical procedure of sleep apnea and their side effects or complications. Before choosing to have the surgery, it is best to know all the other options that are available first that are more non-invasive and natural.